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How do hormones affect gestational diabetes?

Diabetes is all about hormones. This is because insulin, the substance that helps regulate your blood sugar by helping your cells process glucose, is a hormone.

All forms of diabetes (type 1, chronic type 2 and gestational diabetes) have to do with your body’s ability to produce or process the insulin hormone. This is why insulin injections are a solution for type 1 diabetes and a treatment option for some pregnant women with gestational diabetes.

When it comes to gestational diabetes symptoms, however, hormones are also part of the problem. For some women, the placenta releases hormones that increase insulin resistance, but their pancreas does not produce enough insulin to offset that resistance.

This is when doctors suggest diet and exercise, and in some cases insulin.


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